Gum disease describes infection, soreness and inflammation of the tissues that support your teeth.
The two forms of gum disease are:
Gingivitis: inflammation of the gums. Symptoms include red and swollen gums, which can bleed during brushing. Should gingivitis go untreated, it can progress into periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease: There are several types of periodontal disease, all of which adversely affect the tissues supporting your teeth. As periodontal disease progresses, the bone anchoring your teeth shrinks, causing your teeth to become loose and possibly eventually fall out. Gum disease is the No. 1 cause of tooth loss in adults.